For my next review of the endocrine publications of 2014 that concern companion animals, I'm going to turn to the theme of diagnosis and treatment of pituitary problems in dogs and cats. Listed below are 18 clinical and research papers written in 2014 that deal with a variety of pituitary gland issues of clinical importance in dogs and cats.
These range from case studies of cats with primary hypodipsia and inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion (1,2) to an investigation of the clinical utility of formulas of estimated serum osmolality (3); from a study of acromegaly in a series German shepherd dogs (4) to a number of excellent studies of the clinical features, diagnosis, or treatment of feline acromegaly (8,9,13,15); and from investigation of the stress response in dogs (5,14) to a study of the intraoperative changes of circulating vasopressin during elective ovariohysterectomy in dogs (6).
Other publications include a study investigating the problems associated with commercial assays for determination of feline ACTH (7) to a review of the use of GnRH agonists in dogs and cats (10); from a report of a transsphenoidal surgical technique for removal of pituitary adenomas in dogs with pituitary-dependent Cushing's disease (11) to a review of the role of prolactin in canine mammary tumor development (12); and finally, from a report of the clinical findings, diagnostic test results, and treatment outcome of 30 cats with spontaneous Cushing's disease (16) to an investigation of the mutations associated with pituitary dwarfism in Saarloos and Czechoslovakian wolfdogs (18).
- Bach J, Claus K. Primary hypodipsia in a cat with severe hypernatremia. J Feline Med Surg 2014;16:240-242.
- Demonaco SM, Koch MW, Southard TL. Syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion in a cat with a putative Rathke's cleft cyst. J Feline Med Surg 2014;16:1010-1015.
- Dugger DT, Epstein SE, Hopper K, et al. A comparison of the clinical utility of several published formulae for estimated osmolality of canine serum. J Vet Emerg Crit Care (San Antonio) 2014;24:188-193.
- Fracassi F, Zagnoli L, Rosenberg D, et al. Spontaneous acromegaly: a retrospective case control study in German shepherd dogs. Vet J 2014;202:69-75.
- Hekman JP, Karas AZ, Sharp CR. Psychogenic stress in hospitalized dogs: cross species comparisons, implications for health care, and the challenges of evaluation. Animals (Basel) 2014;4:331-347.
- Hoglund OV, Hagman R, Olsson K, et al. Intraoperative changes in blood pressure, heart rate, plasma vasopressin, and urinary noradrenalin during elective ovariohysterectomy in dogs: repeatability at removal of the 1st and 2nd ovary. Vet Surg 2014;43:852-859.
- Kemppainen RJ. Amino acid differences in cat adrenocorticotropin account for the inability of a human-based immunoradiometric assay to detect the molecule in cat plasma. J Vet Diagn Invest 2014;26:431-433.
- Lamb CR, Ciasca TC, Mantis P, et al. Computed tomographic signs of acromegaly in 68 diabetic cats with hypersomatotropism. J Feline Med Surg 2014;16:99-108.
- Lourenco BN, Randall E, Seiler G, et al. Abdominal ultrasonographic findings in acromegalic cats. J Feline Med Surg 2014.
- Lucas X. Clinical use of deslorelin (GnRH agonist) in companion animals: a review. Reprod Domest Anim 2014;49 Suppl 4:64-71.
- Mamelak AN, Owen TJ, Bruyette D. Transsphenoidal surgery using a high definition video telescope for pituitary adenomas in dogs with pituitary dependent hypercortisolism: methods and results. Vet Surg 2014;43:369-379.
- Michel E, Rohrer Bley C, Kowalewski MP, et al. Prolactin--to be reconsidered in canine mammary tumourigenesis? Vet Comp Oncol 2014;12:93-105.
- Myers JA, Lunn KF, Bright JM. Echocardiographic findings in 11 cats with acromegaly. J Vet Intern Med 2014;28:1235-1238.
- Nagasawa M, Shibata Y, Yonezawa A, et al. The behavioral and endocrinological development of stress response in dogs. Dev Psychobiol 2014;56:726-733.
- Rosca M, Forcada Y, Solcan G, et al. Screening diabetic cats for hypersomatotropism: performance of an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for insulin-like growth factor 1. J Feline Med Surg 2014;16:82-88.
- Valentin SY, Cortright CC, Nelson RW, et al. Clinical findings, diagnostic test results, and treatment outcome in cats with spontaneous hyperadrenocorticism: 30 cases. J Vet Intern Med 2014;28:481-487.
- van Rijn SJ, Riemers FM, van den Heuvel D, et al. Expression stability of reference genes for quantitative RT-PCR of healthy and diseased pituitary tissue samples varies between humans, mice, and dogs. Mol Neurobiol 2014;49:893-899.
- Voorbij AM, Leegwater PA, Kooistra HS. Pituitary dwarfism in Saarloos and Czechoslovakian wolfdogs is associated with a mutation in LHX3. J Vet Intern Med 2014;28:1770-1774.